Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.12, Issue 2, 2006; Page No.(307-310)

APPLICATION OF FISHERIES TECHNIQUES FOR CONSERVATION AND REHABILATION OF DEPLETING FISH STOCK ALONG THE COAST OF MAHARSATRA, INDIA

S.D. Naik, S.R.Kovale and B.R.Kharatmol

Abstract

The state of Maharashtra has a tradition of coastal fishing and aqua farming along its 720 Km long coastline and inland waters. Due to vast natural resources, fish production of Maharashtra state in marine contributes quantitiwise 3.97 lakh ton, in freshwater fisheries 1.35 lakh ton and 0.15 lakh ton in brackishwater during the year 2000-01. Recently due to various anthropogenic strengthen industrialization, habitat destruction due to project, Siltation, Overexploitation, Killing of juvenile and broodfish, aquatic pollution, a number of commercial fishes are showing the declining trend in their catches from the conventional fishing ground and some have even become threatened needy immediate conservation ( Dehadrai et al.1994; Ponniah et al. 1998). Faculty of Fisheries, Dr.B.S.Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Ratnagiri has tentatively identified some depleting species like Prawn, Sardine, Dhoma, Ka rli, whitefish and others from different area of Konkan coast of Maharashtra. The techniques of breeding and rearing of some of the species has been developed by the Faculty of Fisheries, Ratnagiri needs to be used for enhance the production by farming and also ranching the seed for enhancing the natural fish production. Besides this some of the techniques like Mesh regulation in fishing gear, Ban for Monsoon fishing, Conservation of Fishing ground, Limitation of craft and gears are necessary to be implemented for conservation and rehabilitation of natural stock. In this paper, the detailed steps related with conservation and rehabilitation techniques are discussed.

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