BACTERIAL PATHOGENS ISOLATED FROM EXOGENOUS SOURCES IN NICU AND THEIR SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNR. MA LIME*, ANITA PANDEY AND ASHISH K. ASTHANA
This study was undertaken to identify various bacteria from exogenous sources, which could be responsible for infections in the NICU's. The predominant organisms were identified; their sensitivity patterns to various antibiotics were noted and the effect of routine methods of disinfections on them were also checked. Swabs from various exogenous sites that are probable sources of infection were collected. Samples from the hands of health care workers and air samples were also included in this study. The commonest isolate was coagulase-negative staphylococci (43%) and the least common being Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.1%). Proper use of disinfectants in correct concentrations and regular fumigation showed a quantitative reduction in the colony count. These bacterial isolates were resistant to most of the commonly used antibiotics. Amikacin was the only antibiotic which was effective against both gram-positive and gram- negative organism. These facts call for regular surveillance in the NICU's to prevent nosocomial infections. It is essential to identify the outbreaks and detect unsuspected reservoirs of pathogens.
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