TERMITICULTURE: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY FOR NEW MILLENNIUMKUMAR NIKHIL
It is utmost urgency to develop a protocol for termite mediated biconversion of lignocellulosic wastes to animal biomass. As our population continues to grow two important considerations arises, firstly the increase in the amount of waste produced, and secondly the increase demands on our food production systems. The utilization of termites for the biconversion of waste is able to address both these problems. Most of the waste generated in India contains more than 60% of lignocellulosic and 0.7% of plastic item, matter of major concern. Termites are a selected group of animals that are able to derive energy from these lignocellulosic (Agricultural, paper, forest, dairy, dead wood etc.) wastes. The production of biomass through termite system is almost 10 times greater than that of traditional grazer system. Termites are able to efficiently convert lignocellulosic waste material to animal biomass. The production system may generate useful byproducts resulting potentially be utilized as a food source for poultry and aquiculture. In this paper a brief ideas has been introduced as to how the termiticulture is better than vermiculture and other decomposers organisms in major part of solid waste disposal. This will be a new 21st century environmental technology for waste disposal problem in our country.
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