SAL FOREST DIVERSITY AND REGENERATION PATTERN IN STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENT: A REVIEWDeepak Chaudhary, Pooja Singh and Sanjay Kumar Pandey
The Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) forest of North India is currently fast receding due to increasing human interference. The structure and composition of the forest communities has enormous consequences in the conservation and management of forests. The present review aimed to compare the diversity and community attributes to other Sal forests of India. The phytosociological data from different studies were quantitatively compared to work out the species richness, diversity, stand density, size class, plot size and basal area. The area of forest which is more disturbed by anthropogenic activity, the clonal plant species like Clerodendran, Mallotus, Holarrhina were propagated through vegetative reproduction. The forest community which is too stochastic to allow regeneration through seed, a sprouters/ ramet producers may help maintain the minimal herbage cover and considerable plant diversity. The regional forest has considerable plant diversity than that of rest of the sal forest of India.