Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 28, Issue 4, 2022; Page No.(1792-1797)


Ritika, Surbhi and T. Chamroy


Agriculture is the backbone of many developing countries, the majority of the country’s population depends on it for their livelihood. The total populace is developing by around 83 million individuals every year, so there is a need to increment rural usefulness. At present, promising production of vegetable crops can be accomplished by expanding the arable land or by expanding crop yields by working on the productivity of the resources utilized. For these purposes farmers had been utilizing chemical fertilizers and irrigation water indiscriminately on about 60% of our currently arable agricultural land which resulted in number of negative consequences. Therefore, there has been a great scope to utilize present-day innovations like nanotechnology (NT), since nano-fertilizers enhance the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and agronomic structures of the soil that enhance plant growth and productivity. Economically nanotechnology has expanded the effectiveness of nano compost fixings and added to expanded usefulness and yield. In this review, extensive research is shown on nanotechnology as an effective way to address the problems of fertilizer losses, overcome the negative impacts of indiscriminate uses of fertilizers and discusses the findings of field research and the application of nano-fertilizers on plants and their impact on vegetable crops.