MOLECULAR ASPECTS OF HEAVY METAL STRESS- AN OVERVIEWMONALISA SAHOO, SWARNALI DUARY, SIDDHARTH PANDA AND BANDANA RANI BARIK
Anthropogenic activities like contemporary agricultural methods, and the effects of industrialization on our environment are long-term and harmful. As a result of all of these variables, heavy metal levels in soil, water and air rise. Metals have the potential to be hazardous to plants only when, they are found in bioavailable forms in large quantities. Cadmium, zinc, mercury, lead, chromium, copper, cobalt, nickel, manganese, arsenic and iron are among the elements. Hence, plants have also evolved some of the detoxifying mechanisms to mitigate the harmful effects of heavy metal exposure, its build-up and the studies regarding these have been covered in this overview.