INFLUENCE OF FERMENTED LIQUID MANURE (JEEVAMRUTHA)ON GROWTH PARAMETERS AND YIELD ATTRIBUTES OF TOMATO(SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM L.) CROPVibha G., Lingaraju H.G., J Mahadev, Rakesh Sharma M.S. and ShankrammaKalikeri
Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are used intensively in modern agriculture giving rise to insects whichhave become resistant to pesticides. It has also resulted in the revival of pests and declining number ofbeneficial organisms such as honey bees, pollinators, parasites, and predators and accumulation of residuesof pesticides in food and fodder. To improve soil microflora, a farm-made bio-culture called âJeevamruthaâis added to the soil instead of fertilizers. Jeevamrutha is made from a small amount of indigenous cowdung and urine. In red sandy loam soil, an experiment was conducted to see how varying concentrations ofjeevamrutha affected the growth parameters and yield attributes of tomato. In a factorial randomizedcomplete block design, five treatments with different combinations were laid out with three replications.The experimental results revealed that applying jeevamrutha at a 50% concentration influenced growthparameters of the crops including height of plants, total number of leaves, leaf area index, root length, andshoot length significantly. The use of jeevamrutha at 100% was significant in increasing tomato fruit yielddue to improvements in yield attributes such as total number of fruits per plant, weight, length, and diameterof fruits.