EXPLORING ARCHITECTURAL ORIENTATION AND LAYOUT ON HINDU JAVANESE SETTLEMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE AT CETHO TEMPLE AREA, INDONESIAFauzan Ali Ikhsan, Bambang Setiokoand AtiekSuprapti
The influence of globalization on traditional settlements is an unavoidable phenomenon. Globalization is forming a new relationship between global and local that is dynamic. To maintain the continuity of traditional settlement identity, strengthening local cultural values has a strategic role. Traditional settlements in the Cetho Temple area are among the pockets of Hindu Javanese community settlements that still survive on Mount Lawu. This settlement has a unique cultural landscape. The East direction is sacred for the Javanese Hindu community in the Cetho Temple area. This research aims to identify Hindu Javanese community settlementsâ architectural orientation and layout in forming cultural landscapes in the Cetho Temple area. The discussion of this study was supported by a qualitative dataset, which included interview data on local informants and community leaders. The data is then triangulated with observations in the study area. The studyâs findings showed that settlementsâ architectural orientation and layout in the Cetho Temple area influenced sacred orientation towards the East. First, the east direction becomes the consideration of the Hindu Javanese community in determining the direction of the house of residence. Second, the east direction considers the Hindu Javanese community in determining the direction of pawon(fireplace furnace). Third, the east direction is considered by the Hindu Javanese community in determining the orientation of the burial place. Fourth, the east direction is considered by the Hindu Javanese community in performing religious ceremonies and meditation. This result is helpful as a reference for planning and structuring the cultural landscape in the Cetho Temple area and can enrich the theory of structuring historical areas elsewhere.