PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF FATTENING BALI CATTLE USING FARMER PATTERN IN OELATSALA VILLAGE, TAEBENU SUB-DISTRICT OF KUPANG DISTRICT, EAST NUSA TENGGARAUpik Syamsiar Rosnah, E.D. Sulistijo, Y.U.L. Sobang, G. Maranatha and M. Yunus
The Bali cattle fattening business in Kupang district is faced with the fact that the development and productivity of cattle in general is still low, one of which is because of the feed factor. Farmers have various ways to obtain forage to fulfill their fattening animal feed. This study aims to know the production performance of fattening Bali cattle using farmer pattern. The method used in this study is survey using observation and laboratory analysis. Animal sampling technique is random sampling so that 36 cattle (20% out of total fattening cattle) spread in five hamlets. The data obtained are analyzed by calculating the mean and standard deviation. The variables observed consisted of daily weight gain, daily linear body size, feed consumption, digestibility, feed conversion and percentage of botanical ration composition. The results showed that average of daily weight gain was 0.28 Â± 0.259 kg/h/d; average of linear body size increased (body length was 0.06 Â± 0.037cm /h/d; chest circumference was 0.07 Â± 0.0563 cm/h/d, and shoulder height was 0.04 Â± 0.0291 cm/h/d; Consumption of DM/BW was 2.5%, consumption of DM was 3.78 kg, consumption of OM was 3.22kg; digestibility of DM was 58.97%; digestibility of OM was 61.53%; conversion of feed (13.5) and feed efficiency was 7.4%; with botanical composition feed of fattening Bali cattle (based on fresh matter) were leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) 85.2%, sesbania (Sesbania grandiflora) 5.49%, banyan (Ficus sp) 2.92%, banana stems (Musa paradisiacal) 2.52%, acacia (Acacia leucophloea) 1.33%, cassava stem (Manihot utilisima) 1.17%, kname / babui (Brousonetia papyritera) 0.52%, timo (Timonius timun) 0.38%, hibiscus (Hibiscus rosasinensis) 0.37%, and busi (Melochia umbellata) 0.28%;. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that 1) the use of local feed is quite varied according to the availability at the farmers level; 2) the production performance of fattening Bali cattle at the farmer level was still low (0.28 Â± 0.259kg /h/d) compared to the potential of Bali cattle optimum growth at 0.5-0.6kg /h/d.