Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 24, Issue 1: 2022; Page No.(198-203)

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM (COMMERCIAL SPECIES)

NILIMA GAJBHIYE AND ARUNA KOYANDE

Abstract

Cinnamon is a member of family Lauraceae, found in tropical area and it has been used as a spice in India. In the present study, Cinnamomum zeylanicum was used for detection of phytochemical components and antimicrobial activity. The dried powder of cinnamon was extracted using Methanol. The extract was tested for the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, saponins, phenols and carbohydrates. The phytochemical screening of cinnamon was rich in alkaloids, flavonoids, and terpenoids. The effect of cinnamon extract against Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi were studied. The strongest antimicrobial activity were observed at 100 mg/ml of methanolic extract of cinnamon was 20.67±0.58 mm zone of inhibition against E.coli and 24.57±0.58 mm zone of inhibition against Salmonella typhi. The antibiotic Gentamycin kept as a control.