PROFILES OF BEEF CATTLE FARMERS WITH DIFFERENT MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS IN BIMA, WEST NUSA TENGGARAMuh Andika Prasetia, I. Gede Suparta Budisatria, Tri Satya Mastuti Widi, Sigit Bintara and Endang Baliarti
This study aims to determine the profile of beef cattle breeders with different maintenance systems in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara. The research was conducted from January 2020 to September 2020, involving a total of 100 breeders / farmers selected using purposive sampling and considering the minimum livestock maintenance and ownership system. Breeder profile data were processed descriptively quantitative and qualitative. The results showed that breeders / farmers in the intensive Bima Regency had an average age of 30 to 50 years with an average education level of No School, Middle School, High School (23.00%), while the age in the extensive system was 40-50 years with an average education level of no school, SD, SMP, SMA (24.00%), and farming experience an average of <9 years at intensive (96.00%) and extensive> 20 years (62.00%) . The maintenance system, the origin of livestock, the purpose of raising and the marriage were not significantly different. It is concluded that the livestock raising system is related to the objectives of beef cattle breeders. Farmers with extensive systems use livestock more as savings and insurance, while those with intensive systems use livestock as their main source of income and produce manure.