WETLAND LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF MAKASSAR CITY, INDONESIAC.W.B. Yanti, A. Ala, N.E. Dungga and S. Arif
Wetland area is a combination of green open space and blue open space. Wetlands in Makassar City are vulnerable to land conversion into built-up spaces due to the rapid development of urban facilities and infrastructures. This study aims to analyze wetland landscape management for sustainability of Makassar City. The spatial analysis method with GIS was used for mapping the wetland area in Makassar City in 2019. The wetland landscape management analysis was conducted using a descriptive analysis based on SDGs and CO2 uptake. The mapping results show that recently, there are 3635.92 hectares of wetland in Makassar City covering up 20.7% of the total area of the City. Analysis of wetland landscape management in Makassar City produces five management concepts that need to be carried out, namely (1) maintaining the existence of wetland areas from land use change through the implementation of more stringent local government policies and regulations, (2) expanding mangrove areas, especially in coastal areas for coastal conservation and disaster mitigation, (3) build greenbelt around the wetland area for soil and water conservation, (4) developing wetland ecotourism for the purpose of education and improving the economy of the surrounding community, and (5) involving community participation together with government and private parties in wetland conservation activities in Makassar City.