INDOOR AIR POLLUTION AND INCIDENCE OF TOBACCO SMOKING IN THE UNION TERRITORIES OF JAMMU & KASHMIR IN INDIAM.Z.M. NOMANI, AJAZ AFZAL LONE, MOHD. AYOOB MIR AND ASHFAQ HAMID DAR
The territory of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) in India consumes tobacco and becoming the âsmoke capitalâ of north India due to the massive generation of indoor pollution. There is a high incidence of obstructive pulmonary disease and mouth cancer despite WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), 2012 in force. The Government has restricted the smoke and smokeless tobacco items to prevent cardiovascular diseases under the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003, National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP), 2008, Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Rules (COTPR), 2009, Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Import, Export, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Ordinance, 2019. The J&K State enacted the J&K State Prohibition of Smoking Cinema and Theatre Halls Act, 2009, and adopted the National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP), 2016. However, even though laws are in place, these stepsâ effectiveness always remains a matter of grave concern. The paper examines the efficacy of Article 5.3 of WHO-FCTC, 2012 in Indian public health laws and policies and Jammu and Kashmir.