COAL MINE MANAGEMENT POLICY IN POLLUTION REDUCTION IN EAST BORNEO, INDONESIAA.V. YULIANINGRUM, ABSORI, K. DIMYATI, HARUN AND A. BUDIONO
Coal is an industrial raw material which is one of the main high-demand energy source commodities as for countries in the whole world. Thus, its management of usage must be wise and sustainable to restore nature and the environment. This research aims to offer a concept of Pollution reduction in the coal mine management policy as a reference and a guideline for stakeholders, mining business owners and also the society based on the values of Laws and society. This is a juridical-empirical research which observes some phenomena directly in the field using the purposive sampling method. It uses primary data in the form of observation and interviews to chosen informants, who are the Head of the Mineral and Coal Sector at the Energy Natural Resource and Mineral Service (ENRM) of East Borneo Province, Head of the Law Sector at the Environmental Service of East Borneo Province, members of the mine advocacy network nongovernmental organization of East Borneo Province. Then, the data are analyzed with case to approaches to obtain formulations on the legal system factors which do not run as they should and principles in managing the coal mines. The results of this research show that the coal mine management policies of the local authorities are formal-procedural including pollution reduction. There are no formulations of executive regulations on the coal mine management policies. This is because the policies which dominate the management are under the authority of the central government. Thus, there needs to be a concept as the solution for this problem to maintain nature through the Law. The original idea is an idea which obliges humans to place nature at the highest priority in life by reduction of pollution.