STATUS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVESC. Annirvinna, Smita Sharma, Shipra Sharma and Yashoda Saini
There has been a tremendous increase in the amount of solid waste generated in India which may be attributed to the increasing population, urbanization and increased disposable income of the population. There persist various challenges for the stakeholders in terms of efficient and effective waste management practices. Many states still have a long way to travel on the waste management road. The present study analyzes the secondary data from various states in India and attempts to uncover the underlying reasons behind mismanagement of waste in these states. The study concludes that municipal solid waste strategies in these states need to be implemented at the ground level to bring about an effective change. Besides the emphasis should now be on waste diversion so that reduced amount of waste reaches the dump sites. Waste processing also offers a challenge which should be handled appropriately by the local government. At the individual level a mass movement is required to bring a behavioral change in the individual during the generation and disposal of waste.