CARCINOGENIC AND NON-CARCINOGENIC HUMAN HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF SOME IMPORTANT TRACE ELEMENTS IN THE COMMONLY CONSUMED FROZEN FISH FILLETS (PANGASIUS HYPOPHTHALMUS) IN AMMAN, JORDANALA’ ALI AHMAD AL-SUBEIHI
Too much exposure to trace elements causesa lot of adverse health effects. This study have the objective of observing the levels of some trace elements in some frozen fish fillets samples collected from different supermarkets located in Amman, the capital of Jordan. Fourteen frozen fish fillets samples (Pangasius hypophthalmus) were collected and analyzed for barium (Ba), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and chromium (Cr) using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The measured levels of the investigated elements were used to assess the potential health risk in Jordanian adults. The levels of trace elements were such that Fe>Cr >Ba>Ni > Pb > Co, with all trace elements were lower than the maximum allowable levels. The target hazard quotient (THQ) values for all quantified trace elements were less than 1, making non-carcinogenic effects insignificant to the adult population. The cancer risk (CR) factors for Ni and Cr were 17.1 and 25.2 folds above the tolerable life cancer risk (10"5), respectively. This study indicates that intake of frozen fish fillets was probably unsafe for Jordanian adult users.