ECOLOGY OF BIOFUEL YIELDING PLANT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO JATROPHA CURCAS IN SHIMOGA DIST, KARNATAKA, INDIAB. ANANTHA NAG, NEETHU PATIL, ARJUMAND BANU S.S., RAGHAVENDRA S.N.,RAGHU H.S. AND E.T. PUTTAIAH
Biodiesel is one of the best alternatives over the natural petroleum products & their derivatives for meeting the current demands of petro products. Biodiesels are produced from the common renewable raw materials like Jatropha, soyabeans etc. and are highly efficient as compared to natural petroleum. It provides a sense of security not only to our natural reserves and the environment, rather it also encourages the social economy. In this study we aimed to reclaim the wastelands by cultivation of oil yielding plant like Jatropha and later to estimate the quantity of biodiesel produced over the given area. Further the vegetation samples were collected from the sixteen different locations at regular interval, processed and ultimately biodiesel were produced. The production of biodiesel from the raw biomass material was varied in a range of 27 -30%, while the waste remains were being used for the cattle baits. The major economic factor to consider for input costs of biodiesel production is the feedstock, which is about 80% of the total operating cost.