LAND COVER DYNAMICS AND INCOME OF CONVERTING AND NON-CONVERTING FARMERS IN THE RAWAS SUB-WATERSHED, NORTH MUSI RAWAS REGENCYChuzaimah, Fachrurrozie Sjarkowi, Elisa Wildayana and Yunita
The level of criticality of the watershed is closely related to the farming communityâs socioeconomic level around the watershed area, as indicated by changes in land cover. This study aims to analyze land cover change dynamics and compare the income of conversion and non-conversion farmers in Lubuk Kumbung Village, North Musi Rawas Regency. The method used to analyze land cover is ArcMap Ver. 10.2 with Landsat 8 for path/row 124/62 and 126/62 for image analysis, and the formulas of income (NR), revenue (TR), and production costs (TC) to produce the amount income. The results showed that the land cover dynamics of Lubuk Kumbung Village were dominated by the land cover of the national park, which reached 86.44% in the 2018 period. Inland national parks, protected forests, and limited production forests showed a decreasing trend, while the cover for fields and plantations was the opposite. The comparison of the income of conversion and non-conversion farmers showed that the income of non-converting farmers to rice and coffee had a lower income value than that of oil palm conversion farmers. Still, there was a large difference in rice crops, while the difference between coffee and oil palm income was small. Plants that do not convert to rubber have the highest income value compared to other commodities. Compared to oil palm conversion crops, the value of rubber income is greater than palm oil, with the difference reaching IDR 14,665,321.60/ha/year.