Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 27, Issue 1, 2021; Page No.(382-393)

POLLUTION IN RIVER GANGA DUE TO HEAVY METAL TOXICITY AND VARIOUS MITIGATION PLANS- A REVIEW

Akansha Patel, Vinod Kumar Chaudhary, Anurag Singh, Dhananjai Rai and Naveen Patel

Abstract

India is blessed with most holy and worshiped rivers of the world. These rivers have enormous importance not only to the people who lives in the nearby areas but also to those also who lives far from them. Because of rapid industrialization and urbanization various rivers of India including river Ganga, are under immense pressure of water pollution. Discharge of toxic elements like Pb, Cd, Cr, and As etc. in various water resources has been increased simultaneously. Heavy metals are founded to be carcinogenic and prove toxic not only to humans but also to aquatic life and also damages river ecosystem. Municipal waste water and industrial waste water are considered as major source of pollution of River Ganga. A number of plans has been started by Government of India, but still the condition of water remains unsatisfactory. This review mainly gives an idea about the presence of various toxic elements in water bodies, their toxic effect on human health and strategies and plan to mitigate them from river Ganga.

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