CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPACT ON AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN INDIAJinu Joseph
In the context of the Indian economy climate change is a serious issue. Increase in the number of warm days and nights, increased frequency of deficit monsoons and heavy precipitation events, increased occurrence of temperature extremes have been observed in our country. Moreover, these trends are expected to continue over years. India is projected to experience warming above global level throughout the 21st century. The average temperature variation is projected to be 2.33 Â°C to 4.78 Â°C with a doubling in CO2 concentrations. Climate change is likely to directly influence food production across the globe. Increase in the mean seasonal temperature of the country can reduce the duration of many crops and hence reduce the yield. This paper delivers an overview of climate change and Indian agriculture. It gives some specific attention to the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture. The paper ends with some comments on Indian agricultural policy in the era of climate change and suggest strategies and actions to mitigate the problem.