ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF RUBBER PLANTATION: ECOLOGICAL VS. ECONOMICAL PERSPECTIVESBIJAYA KUMAR PANDA AND SUKANTA SARKAR
In this paper, we aimed at examining the environmental impact of rubber plantation. We reviewed existing scientific literature and data sources on effects of rubber plantation on environment particularly in south Asia. We observed that, rubber plantation is a real threat for the tropical forest. It is harmful for watersheds and destroys forest ecosystems. It negative effects on hydrological change, severe species, sediment run off etc. It overall affects the habitat and stream hydrology. But the latex has a high commercial value which can support rural people in socioeconomic development. Smallholder farmersâ livelihoods affected due to price fluctuations and food insecurity. Thus the paper suggests that effective management and proper sustainable planning is important for minimizing the evil effects of rubber plantation and involvement of rural communities as an income earning making process.