EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE INCINERATOR USING INPUT-OUTPUT METHOD: A CASE STUDY OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE INCINERATOR AT ETMADPUR, AGRA, INDIASandeep Kumar Verma, N.B. Singh, C.N. Tripathi and P.K. Sharma
Proper calculation of the in-put and out-put balance of mass and energy plays the most important role in evaluating the performance of incinerator. This paper describes an experimental study of the biomedical waste incinerator located in Agra (India). The experimental study continued for a period of one month (1/ 06/2019 to 30/06/2019).This incinerator incinerated 200 kg of medical waste per cycle. The cycle time varies between 1 hrs.to 1.20 hrs. Our study was done in the first batch of about one hour in the morning from 8 am to about 9 am (with some variation in cycle time). The results describe that 200 kg/h of medical waste with 15 kg/h of LPG, consumed 1534.01 kg/h of air. The analysis exhibited that the incineration process generates 2833645 kJ/h with ash and flue gases emissions at a total mass rate of 1794.60 kg/h. The further study showed that the energy in-put was 3985684 kg/h and the out-put was 3985614.41 kg/h. The difference is too small. Due to the small difference it is concluded that the efficiency of performance may be said to be satisfactory but the plant is of old design. The operator of CBMWTF has been advised to install a new plant of improved design.