Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2020; Page No.(225-229)

MINERALOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL OF PANCHANGANGA RIVER BASIN FROM INFRA-RED ANALYSIS

A. R. KULKARNI

Abstract

Infra-red spectroscopy is a well known technique for the characterization of the substances. The principle of the technique is to pass infra-red radiation (4000 to 400 cm-1) through a sample and the absorbed radiation is dispersed through a grating or a set of gratings and is allowed to fall on the detector. Vibrations in the region 550 to 960 cm-1 can be attributed to R – OH bending vibrations. Strong vibrations in the region below 550 cm-1 arise principally from in – plane vibrations of octahedral ions and their adjacent oxygen layers. The detector signal is amplified and recorded. There will be absorption peaks at frequencies corresponding to the substances. In certain cases, it may be possible to see the influence of rotation of the molecules. From the analytical point of view, the type of chemical bond present, the quantitative estimation of the components of a mixture, the association constant and the binding energy of the complexes can be determined. The Infra-red spectroscopy soils of Panchanganga river basin revealed the presence of kaolinite, halloysite, montmorillonite, attapulgite, nontronite and illite in all the soil samples though in different proportions in association with Quartz and humic acid.

Journal Issues
Vol 39, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 39, Issue 3, 2020
Vol 39, Issue 2, 2020
Vol 39, Issue 1, 2020
Vol 39, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 38, Issue 4, 2019
Vol 38, November Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 3, 2019
Vol 38, August Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 2, 2019
Vol 38, March Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 1, 2019
Vol 37, Issue 4, 2018
Vol 37, Issue 3, 2018
Vol 37, Issue 2, 2018
Vol 37, May Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 37, Issue 1, 2018
Vol. 36, Issue 4, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 3, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 2, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 1, 2017
Vol. 35, Issue 4, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 34, Issue 4, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 2, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 1, 2015
Vol 33, Issue 04, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 03, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 02, 2014
Vol.33, Issue 01, 2014
Vol.32, Issue 04, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 03, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 02, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 1, 2013
Vol.31, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.30, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.29, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.26, Issue 3, 2007
Vol.20, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.20, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.19, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.19, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.18, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.17, Issue 04, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 03, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 01, 1998
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!