Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2020; Page No.(143-152)

AIR POLLUTION ASSESSMENT DURING THE FESTIVALS OF DIWALI AND BHOGI IN VISAKHAPATNAM CITY

DILEEP GEDDAM, TILAK SIMMA AND JAYAVARDHAN REDDY VELLALA

Abstract

India is known for festivals and celebrations because of its different cultures and customs in different states. The celebrations are turning into a significant giver of air contamination. During festivals, we generate air, water, and noise pollution. Diwali and Bhogi are some of the festivals that make air pollution dominant. Every year in October / November, Diwali’s is celebrated by burning firecrackers in India with great joy and passion. However, Bhogi is Pongal’s first day and is celebrated in memory of cloud and rain gods. One tradition observed is the annual Bhogi Bonfire, when undesirable family units throw things into a firewood and cow-dung cakes fire. Owing to burning Firewood, plastics, and rubber tyres, this festive Bhogi tradition has generated big air pollution in recent years. This research focuses on the influences of Diwali fireworks and Bhogi bonfire emissions in Visakhapatnam City during 2018–2020 on air pollutants like PM, PM., SO, and NO. Trace pollutants are examined on days before, during, and after Diwali and Bhogi days to determine the effect of festivity on city environmental quality. These pollutants showed a significant increase during Diwali and Bhogi days and gradually decreased after the festival.

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