Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Issue 3, 2020; Page No.(553-561 )

EFFECTIVENESS OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT ON WATER QUALITY, SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITION AND SOCIAL PERCEPTION: A CASE STUDY IN RSUP

R.D. KANDOU, MANADO, INDONESIA B. LIMBONG TAMPANG AND ETTY RIANI

Abstract

Hospital rooms and their supporting unit generates a number of wastes. This study was aimed to analyze the effectiveness of wastewater handling activities in RSUP Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou, to observe the community perception in surrounding hospital and the influence of the hospital on their socio-economic condition. The result of water pollution analysis were derived from inlet and outlet of waste disposal site was then compared with the quality standard of the Decree of Minister of Environment No. 58/MENLH/12/1995 and KEP-02/MENKLH/I/1998. Plankton diversity and evenness were analyzed using Shannon-Wiener index. The perception of 50 respondents who live around the building regarding the hospital waste and its influence on the socio-economic condition was analyzed using Chi-square test. The results showed that contamination of hospital wastewater causes low turbidity; whereas the level of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), coliform, and E. coli were low. Society has a negative (bad) perception about the organic waste discharges in a reason of considering that their aquatic environment has been polluted. Personal income has a significant relationship with the social perception of hospital wastewater disposal. Management was required for handling the hospital wastewater properly, the wastes have to be processed before disposing into the environment. Facilities and infrastructure procurement should be appropriate with the demand. It was also required the law enforcement and counselling to increase people’s awareness of the environment.

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