Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Issue 3, 2020; Page No.(531-541)

POTENTIAL TOXIC EFFECTS TRIGGERED BY RADIATION EXPOSURE AMONG MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHERS THROUGH AN IMBALANCE IN TRACE ELEMENTS AND REDOX STATUS

REHAB M. EL-GHARABAWY, MAHA A. AL-DUBAYAN, MANSOUR S. ALSHARIDAH, AMAL A. AL-HADYAB AND SOMAYAH A. ALSUHAIBANI

Abstract

Prolonged exposure to radiation may be associated with high incidence of health hazards. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential toxic effects of radiation on the level of trace elements and structure of hair among radiographers. The participants were divided into three equal groups (20 per group) (control group, male medical radiographers with X-ray exposure group, and radiographers exposed to radiation from multiple sources. The levels of urinary 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), conjugated dienes (CD), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and reduced glutathione (GSH) were determined. Electron microscopy was employed for examination of hair samples. The radiographers exposed to X-ray and multiple radiation sources exhibited considerably significant elevation in the levels of studied trace elements in the blood, imbalance in their systemic redox status which was reflected by a significant increase in the levels of nitrite, CD, and TBARS and a significant decrease in SOD activity and GSH. Electron microscopy examination of hair samples revealed that the lamellae underwent cuticle disorganisation deterioration and the whole cell was vacuolated. Prolonged exposure to radiation induces accumulation of toxic concentration of trace elements in blood and alteration in hair structure.

Journal Issues
Vol 39, Issue 3, 2020
Vol 39, Issue 2, 2020
Vol 39, Issue 1, 2020
Vol 39, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 38, November Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 4, 2019
Vol 38, Issue 3, 2019
Vol 38, August Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 2, 2019
Vol 38, March Suppl Issue
Vol 38, Issue 1, 2019
Vol 37, Issue 4, 2018
Vol 37, Issue 3, 2018
Vol 37, Issue 2, 2018
Vol 37, May Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 37, Issue 1, 2018
Vol. 36, Issue 4, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 3, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 2, 2017
Vol. 36, Issue 1, 2017
Vol. 35, Issue 4, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 34, Issue 4, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 2, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 1, 2015
Vol 33, Issue 04, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 03, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 02, 2014
Vol.33, Issue 01, 2014
Vol.32, Issue 04, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 03, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 02, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 1, 2013
Vol.31, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.30, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.29, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.26, Issue 3, 2007
Vol.20, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.20, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.19, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.19, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.18, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.17, Issue 04, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 03, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 01, 1998
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!