Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 26, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2020; Page No.(132-139)

FAT, POLYPHENOLS, FERMENTED AND NON-FERMENTED CACAO BEANS (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) GROWN UNDER THREE TYPES OF STAND STRUCTURE WITH THE ENGINEERING OF LIGHT DISTRIBUTION ENHANCEMENT THROUGH PRUNING MANAGEMENT IN SOPPENG REGENCY OF SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA

Fatmawati, Ariffin, Setyono Yudho Tyasmoro and Roedy Soelistyono

Abstract

This study was aimed to figure out total fat and polyphenols in cacao beans, fermented and non-fermented ones that grow under three types of stand structure with the engineering of enhancing the sun rays through pruning management. This study was conducted in Salaonro Village, Lilirilau Subdistrict, Soppeng Regency, South Sulawesi from March to November 2018, using a two-factor factorial design. The first factor was types of stand structure consisting of Bitti (Vitex coffasus) timber plant (N1) Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) (N2) and Teak (Tectona grandis L.) (N3). And the second factor was the time to prune, namely (P0) no pruning, (P1) once-a-month pruning, (P2) once-two-months pruning. The study results showed that the time to prune (pruning time) had different influence on the total of fat with fermentation, treatment (P2) was significantly different with (P1), however was not significantly different with (P0). Also, total fat of nonfermented cacao beans during pruning time had significantly different influence; treatment (P2) was significantly different with (P0), yet insignificantly different with (P1). It can be seen that the highest fat value was at (P2) of total fat for non-fermented cacao beans (28.96) and the lowest was at (P1) of total fat for fermented ones (20.30). Likewise, total polyphenols for fermented cacao beans demonstrated that treatment (P2) was significantly different with (P1) and (P0), however in polyphenols for fermented cacao beans, three types of stand structure exhibited significant difference, and it can be seen that (N1) was significantly different with (N2), yet not significantly different with (N3). Furthermore, it can be seen that for each treatment, the highest and the lowest total polyphenols, both for fermented and non-fermented ones, were at (P2) total polyphenols of cacao beans with the highest fermentation (0.386) and the lowest at (N2) of total polyphenols for non-fermented cacao beans was (0.252).

Journal Issues
Vol 26, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, Issue 2, 2020
Vol 26, June Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, April Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, Issue 1, 2020
Vol 26, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 25, Issue 4 2019
Vol 25, Issue 3 2019
Vol 25, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Sept Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, July Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 2 2019
Vol 25, May Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, April Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 1 2019
Vol 24, Issue 4 2018
Vol 24, Issue 3 2018
Vol 24, Issue 2 2018
Vol 24, Issue 1 2018
Vol 24, March Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 24, Feb. Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 23, Issue 4, 2017
Vol 23, Nov. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Sept. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Issue 2, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 3, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017
Vol 23, Feb 2017 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Dec 2016 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Issue 4, 2016
Vol 22, Sept. Suppl. Issue , 2016
Vol 22, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 22, June Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015
Vol. 21 Dec. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol. 21 Nov. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol 21, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 21, Issue 2, 2015
Vol. 21 Suppl.Issue August 2015
Vol 21.Suppl.Issue June 2015
Vol 21, Issue 1, 2015
Supplement Issue, Dec. 2014
Special Issue-2014
Vol 20, Issue 4, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 3, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 2, 2014
Vol. 20 Issue 01, 2014
Vol. 19 Issue 04, 2013
Vol. 19 Issue 03, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 02, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 01, 2013
Vol.18, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.17, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.16, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.15, Issue 04, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 03, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 02, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 1, 2009
Vol.14, Issue 04, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 1, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.13, Issue 04, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 2, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 1, 2007
Vol.12, Issue 4, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 3, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 2, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 1, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 01, 2006
Vol.11, Issue 3,4, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 2, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 1, 2005
Vol.10, Issue 04, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 03, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 02, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 01, 2004
Vol.09, Issue 04, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 03, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 02, 2003
Vol.08, Issue 04, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 03, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 01, 2002
Vol.07, Issue 04, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 03, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.06, Issue 04, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 02, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.05, Issue 04, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 03, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 01, 1999
Vol.04, Issue 1,2, 1998
Vol.03, Issue 3,4, 1997
Vol.03, Issue 01, 1997
Vol.02, Issue 1,2, 1996
Vol.01, Issue 14, 1995
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!