Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 26, Issue 2, 2020; Page No.(918-925)

WATER-SAVING TECHNOLOGY OF SUBSURFACE IRRIGATION OF FRUIT CROPS SEEDLINGS

Nurlan Balgabaev, Vyacheslav Zharkov, Yelena Angold and Kuanysh Dzhabaev

Abstract

Subsurface irrigation is a promising resource-saving method of plant irrigation, which allows creating optimal water and nutrient regimes in the root layer of the soil, increasing the yield of crops, eliminating unproductive costs of irrigation water, and automating the irrigation process. Subsurface irrigation is associated with the development of conservation agriculture technologies. It is the refusal of plowing that gave rise to the development of this irrigation technology in agricultural production. The application of subsurface irrigation is especially promising for farms in areas with a shortage of irrigation water. The subsurface irrigation technology is based on the principle of continuous supply of water to plants according to their water absorption, taking into account the nature of soil moisture and the capabilities of technical means. The creation of highly productive gardens in Kazakhstan primarily depends on the performance of nursery gardens, as well as on the quantity and quality of planting material. Currently, there is an urgent need for the development and intensification of fruit production to create a sufficient amount of planting material to ensure the food security of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Using subsurface irrigation systems makes it possible to grow plant seedlings at a compacted spacing to form a high-quality root system of the trees. To increase the yield of plants per unit of area, it is recommended to use a compacted scheme for placing seedlings in container-type devices with subsurface irrigation elements comprised of porous tubes. It has been revealed that the root system of apple seedlings grown in baskets had more compacted configuration when using subsoil irrigation. In all fractions that differ in the total length and weight of the roots, the root system of apple seedlings grown in baskets has more compact shape and greater number of root hairs with the diameter of less than one mm than the root system of plants grown without baskets when watered using drip irrigation. Because of the predominance of water-conducting root-hairs, subsurface irrigation contributes to the active growth of the above ground part that is confirmed by conducted research.

Journal Issues
Vol 26, Issue 2, 2020
Vol 26, June Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, April Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, Issue 1, 2020
Vol 26, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 25, Issue 4 2019
Vol 25, Issue 3 2019
Vol 25, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Sept Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, July Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 2 2019
Vol 25, May Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, April Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 1 2019
Vol 24, Issue 4 2018
Vol 24, Issue 3 2018
Vol 24, Issue 2 2018
Vol 24, Issue 1 2018
Vol 24, March Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 24, Feb. Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 23, Issue 4, 2017
Vol 23, Nov. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Sept. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Issue 2, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 3, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017
Vol 23, Feb 2017 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Dec 2016 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Issue 4, 2016
Vol 22, Sept. Suppl. Issue , 2016
Vol 22, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 22, June Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015
Vol. 21 Dec. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol. 21 Nov. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol 21, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 21, Issue 2, 2015
Vol. 21 Suppl.Issue August 2015
Vol 21.Suppl.Issue June 2015
Vol 21, Issue 1, 2015
Supplement Issue, Dec. 2014
Special Issue-2014
Vol 20, Issue 4, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 3, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 2, 2014
Vol. 20 Issue 01, 2014
Vol. 19 Issue 04, 2013
Vol. 19 Issue 03, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 02, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 01, 2013
Vol.18, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.17, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.16, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.15, Issue 04, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 03, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 02, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 1, 2009
Vol.14, Issue 04, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 1, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.13, Issue 04, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 2, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 1, 2007
Vol.12, Issue 4, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 3, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 2, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 1, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 01, 2006
Vol.11, Issue 3,4, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 2, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 1, 2005
Vol.10, Issue 04, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 03, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 02, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 01, 2004
Vol.09, Issue 04, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 03, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 02, 2003
Vol.08, Issue 04, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 03, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 01, 2002
Vol.07, Issue 04, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 03, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.06, Issue 04, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 02, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.05, Issue 04, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 03, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 01, 1999
Vol.04, Issue 1,2, 1998
Vol.03, Issue 3,4, 1997
Vol.03, Issue 01, 1997
Vol.02, Issue 1,2, 1996
Vol.01, Issue 14, 1995
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!