THE INFLUENCE OF PARATRANSIT ON URBAN LAND PATTERNS: “BECAK MASIN” IN PADANGSIDIMPUAN CITY, INDONESIAErwin Syah Lubis, Imam Buchori and Yudi Basuki
Paratransit is an urban informal public transportation which is very responsive and fill the vulnerability of conventional public transportation services. This transportation operates in urban areas which are conventional transportation operational areas or non-conventional transportation service areas. This study aims to investigate the effect of services and characteristics of paratransit on the triggering aspects of changes in urban land patterns. The investigation was carried out with the perception data of becak masin users in the city of Padangsidimpuan. The perception of 300 users is processed using the SEM-PLS (structural equation modeling - partial least square) method. The findings show that service and characteristics of becak masin have a strong and positive effect on the use of temporal space and increasing city accessibility. Three services of becak masin that have a profound effect on changes in land use at several points in urban areas, negotiation costs for payment, able to carry goods and transportation are always available in public areas. Two characteristics of becak masin that have a profound effect on changes in the use of temporal space and increasing urban accessibility, namely, feeder transportation to reach conventional of public transportation and small transportation makes this transportation can operate in various classes of roads thereby creating new accessibility.