CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE PLANT WITH LOW METHANE EMISSIONNoer Rahmi Ardiarini, Finsa Dwi Arisandi and Prihasto Setyanto
Globally, methane from rice fields is responsible for about 10% of non-CO2 emissions from agriculture.Rice has an important role in the release of methane into the atmosphere. The release of methane from rice is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. This study is aimed to determine the specific marker characters for the rice with low methane emissions. The research design used randomized block design.Rice was planted by direct seeded system (gogo rancah). The result showed that low CH4 gas is emitted byInpari 13 and Mekongga variety. Rice emitted CH4 gas was influenced by genetic factor with 0.91 heritability value. Rice with lower methane emissions has specific marker characters as follows: little biomass, narrow cavity of root aerenchyma and weak rigidity plant.