ROLE OF EDUCATION IN CONSERVING “KALEKA” FOREST IN DAYAK PEOPLE OF CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIAHolten Sion, Muhamad Affandi and Febrina Natalia
The term or the word Kaleka is a place or location inherited from the ancestors of Dayak Ngaju tribe which was marked by the presence of buildings and trees, especially large size of fruit trees. Kaleka can also be interpreted as a former village which is called âawan lewuâ (ex-village) in Dayak language, which has been abandoned for hundreds of years. The development of technology, information and communication has caused many changes in perspective and behaviors that occur in various aspects of Dayakâs life including the perspective and behaviors towards a place called Kaleka. According to the fact, the existence of young generation is mostly found in educational institutions or schools. In connection with this, one of the effective and efficient strategies in preparing young people who have concern for the Kaleka forest environment,education institutions certainly have a very important role. In accordance with the research objectives, the research method used is qualitative research, with a case study design. The study was conducted in Goha Village, Banama Tingang District, Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. The selection and determination of research location are based on the factors of village location which are factually located between 2 (two) Kaleka forest fruits, namely: âKaleka Karamâ and âKaleka Patinuh. The results of study found 3 (three) roles of education in the preservation of Kaleka forests, these roles are: (1) as a conservation motivator; (2) as a preservation expositor; and (3) as a conservation actor.