Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Issue 1, 2020; Page No.(79-87 )

PREVALENCE OF WATER BORNE DISEASES AMONG MARBLE MINE WORKERS IN CERTAIN AREAS OF UDAIPUR DISTRICT

J. SONIKA, R. NIDHI, P. ANIL AND A. PANKAJ

Abstract

The current study was conducted to investigate prevalence of water borne diseases among marble mine workers in marble mining hubs of Udaipur district. Water samples were collected from clusters of marble mines (Lakhawali, Daroli, Undithal, Odwas). The samples were analyzed for various physico-chemical parameters like pH, alkalinity, TDS, electric conductivity, hardness,nitrates and phosphates. The result of water quality parameters were compared with the BIS and WHO standards, suitable for drinking and domestic purpose. Along with this analysis Primary health centre (PHC) data were also collected from that particular area. Results reveal that some of water quality parameters were above desirable limit and the degraded water quality causes many health problems and thus prevalence of certain diseases like malaria, dysentery was common. The data obtained from PHCs showed that skin diseases, Urinary tract infection (UTI), fever of unknown disease (PUO), diarrhoea were most common disease among mine workers PHC data were also confirmed through personal interview from mine workers. Workers interviewed admitted that water they are using for drinking purpose is not as safe as it should be.

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