TO STUDY CLIMATIC FACTORS EFFECT ON LAND COVERS (LC) FOR SALAH ALDEEN REGION BY USING REMOTE SENSING DATAFouad K. Mashee Al Ramahi, Mazin Shakir Jasim and Muaid Jassim Rasheed
The purpose of the study area was monitoring and classify the changes in topography (i, e, water, over grass or vegetation, shallow, terra, and soil, etc.) for Al-shari lake region, and using applied satellites data raw as weather factors (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts - Official (ECMWF), and doing fixed study area climatic maps. To execute this goal in search applied Landsat satellite imagery used in study simultaneous decade periodic. The supervise and unsupervised techniques wear classification the satellite imagery after band ratio tools process for chosen the features suitable, in order to compute and determined the features of topography area. The weather factors employed by to use satellite data raw for study climatic variables cover the region. They are doing many convert process of these to corresponding the procedures, and they applied interpolation techniques process. Extraction the contour lines maps, which determined the study area weather factors movement for temperature (oC) degree, relative humidity (percentage) and total precipitation (mm) for three-decade period. In addition, to compute with account area for each features depended on the satellite imagery dataset which for each a pixel (smallest object in imagery) represented spectrum texture for feature in grid of raster. All the process may be applied the remote sensing (RS), geographic information science (GIS) techniques, Earth Resource Data Analysis System (ERDAS) and some converted programs as Excel program from Microsoft Office Word Corporation.