BIOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL IMPACT OF IRON AND IRON NANOPARTICLES ACROSS DIVERSE ARRAY OF FISH MODELS: A REVIEWRanjitha T. and Sharath Chandra S.P.
The present literature reviews concerns the ecological and biological impact of iron and iron nanoparticles across diverse array of fish species in aquatic ecosystem around the globe. Iron and its derivatives such as sulphates, oxides, chlorides, nanoparticles etc have been reported to have a deleterious effect on embryology, hematology, physiology, biochemistry, metabolism and histological parameters in fish. Different species of fish like Danio rerio, Labeo rohita, Catla catla, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Salmo trutta and their response to iron toxicity has been extensively discussed in the review. Finally based on studies performed by many research groups, we can conclude that iron and iron nanoparticles pose a serious threat not only to fish, but ecology and environment as a whole.