Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020; Page No.(142-148)

THE EFFECTS OF X BAND RADAR FREQUENCY EXPOSURE ON MICE TESTIS AND KIDNEY

RAWAA S. AL-MAYYAHI, WA’IL A. GODAYMI AL-TUMAH AND ZEKI A. AHMED

Abstract

There is a growing interest to investigate health hazards of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on biological systems. Workers at transportation, telecommunications, medical and military fields are always exposed to EMFs. Testis and kidney diseases were demonstrated to be more common in these individuals than in personnel worked in other fields. The present study assessed the harmful effects of EMFs emitted by X band radar frequency on mice testis and kidney, by assessing their histopathological and morphological changes among two different age groups. A total of 30 male mice were assigned into three different groups: group I: unexposed group (control group), group II: two weeks age exposed group and group III: ten weeks age exposed group. A 9.5 GHz frequency with 80 mW power EMF was applied to group II and group III for 2 h per day for two months. The findings observed that the seminiferous tubules of exposed testis were degenerated compare with the control group. Also, the seminiferous tubule diameters were significantly reduced. while, the seminiferous tubule lumens of exposed groups were significantly increased. Histopathological and morphological alterations were also seen in mice kidney such as degeneration in the glomeruli and abnormal renal tubules. In addition, the glomerular surface area was reduced in both exposed groups compared with control group. In crux, the continuous exposure to EMFs can potentially cause detectable alterations on mice testis and kidney and that may lead to fertility problems and renal failure, respectively.

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