Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 21, Issue 4, 2019; Page No.(991-996)

DEGRADATION OF CRUDE OIL COMPONENTS AND POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC COMPOUNDS IN A BIOAUGMENTATION STUDY USING SCHIZOPHYLLUM COMMUNE

KANIKA SHARMA, NIRMAL SUDHIR KUMAR HARSH AND VINAY KUMAR VARSHNEY

Abstract

A feasibility study was conducted to evaluate the capability of Schizophyllum commune a white rot fungus to degrade crude oil components {Gasoline Range Organics (GROs), Diesel Range Organics (DROs), Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)} under in vitro conditions and its analysis using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). Samples from oil spill site of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (O.N.G.C. Ltd.) Ghandhar Asset, Group Gathering Station (GGS-II) site, Ankleshwar, Gujarat collected from different distances, i.e. near the well (NW), 20 m, 40 m, 60 m and 80 m distances were treated with S. commune in a bioaugmentation experiment. After two weeks of incubation the fungus was found to be effective in degrading GROs (26.4%-71.1%), DROs (20.28%75.82%), PAHs (15.21%-71.29%) and TPHs (21.82%-74.66%).

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