Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 21, Issue 4, 2019; Page No.(966-972)

PREDICTORS OF FEEDING ACHIEVEMENT IN NEONATES BORN FROM PREECLAMPSIA MOTHERS

YANTI SUSIANTI IDHAM AMIR AND RINAWATI ROHSISWATMO

Abstract

The aim of this study is to observe maternal and neonates predictive factors for succesfull feeding. Feeding intolerances were associated with many factors, such as premature baby, sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Feeding achievement is important to achieve adequate nutrition. Other factors that influence successful feeding will be assessed in this study. This is a cross sectional study using secondary data obtained from medical records of 72 subject from mothers and neonates, recruited with consecutive sampling. This study performed in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, mother who developed preeclampsia, or complication from preeclampsia with neonates 28-37 weeks gestational age. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed in this study. The results showed that a large proportion of the babies were born from mothers aged 31-35 years old, giving birth through sectio caesaria delivery, and having severe preeclampsia, and nonhypoxic SDAU. Most of the babies born at gestational age ≥ 32 weeks and females. Most of the babies born with a birth weight of 1,000-1,500 g and 1,501-2,000 g weeks were not different, the most babies not IUGR, being assissted with CPAP, having an APGAR score ≥ 7 at 5th minute. Multivariate analyses revealed the gestational age and clinical symptoms were predictor factors for successful feeding in neonates. Neonates successful feeding in median 9.5 days range from 3.5 to 15.5 days. The conclusion in this study were the predictor factors for successful feeding in neonates were gestational age more than 32 weeks and the absence of clinical symptoms.

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