Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 21, Issue 4, 2019; Page No.(876-891)

PHYSICO - CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD DRINKING WATER AND WATER SOURCES IN THE LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA

ASAMIE A. AND BAYINDE W.B.

Abstract

In the present study, the physico-chemical characteristics of drinking water samples and its potential health implications from different districts in Northern South Africa were determined. Water samples were collected from households, boreholes or Rivers from which local populations collect water for drinking. Physicochemical parameter analysis were processed and compared with the standard values set by the South African standard (DWAF). The pH range of the samples varied between 5.12 and 8.96 units. The turbidity from homes and rivers varied from 0.17 NTU to 21.74NTU. With the mean values of physicochemical analysis as follows Fluoride (0.45mg/L), Chloride (107.39 mg/L), Nitrate (95.91 mg/L), Phosphate (65.30 mg/L), Cadmium (7.67μg/mL), and Lead (21.93 μg/mL). Of all the samples tested, 49 (87.5%) had no fluoride at all while 3(5.4%) samples had a concentration above the recommended limit. The high levels observed could be detrimental to the health of the population.

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