Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, Issue 4 2019; Page No.(1618-1625)

LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OF SAMBORI INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY AREA VIEWED FROM ETHNOECOLOGICAL ASPECTS

Junaidin, Sugeng Utaya, I Komang Astina and Singgih Susilo

Abstract

This research aimed to examine the land resource management of the Sambori indigenous community area in Bima viewed from ethnoecological aspects. This research used a descriptive-qualitative method. The data were collected through direct observation in the field as well as open-ended, structured and semi structured interviews with key informants and supporting informants. The data were then analyzed descriptively and qualitatively. The results showed that the land resource management of the Sambori indigenous community area, particularly paddy fields, was done in rotation and/ or based on lineage. Moreover, this research found that new land clearing is prohibited, the system of mutual cooperation in managing land is still applied, and post-harvest traditional rituals still exist. In conclusion, (a). The sambori indigenous peoples who live in the area of the Lambitu mountain forest depend on the entire and surrounding environment. Interaction between the Sambori indigenous people and their natural environment (ethnoecology) in land management through the traditional ritual Pamali Manggodo. (b). The pattern of milling in management still holds firmly on the instructions of the adat leader and village elders who have long settled in Sambori village who still function as distinctive and unique characteristics that differ from the area in Bima NTB. (c). The division of environmental units by the indigenous Sambori community aims to change the natural environment such as primary forest into an environmental unit to fulfill living needs. The land resource management of Sambori indigenous community still adheres to the customary leader’s instructions. The interaction between Sambori indigenous people and the natural environment (ethnoecology) on land management is through traditional rituals.

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