Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, Issue 4 2019; Page No.(1585-1592)

THE POTENTIALS OF HOME GARDEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN MINGGIR AND GODEAN SUB-DISTRICTS, INDONESIA AS THE LEARNING RESOURCES OF BIODIVERSITY

Suhartini

Abstract

The biodiversity in home gardens is a part of the nation’s biodiversity and has a leading role for a community to produce the supplementary food, vitamins, proteins, minerals, fat, crude fiber from fruit and vegetables to meet the needs of their daily lives. This study aims to identify the diversity of plants and animals found in the researched home gardens, describe the benefits of both for the community, and utilize the results of this study as a learning source of biology, especially biodiversity. The sample members in this study were determined by stratified random sampling done instrata, namely the region, sub-district, village, and hamlet, As many as 20 respondents had been involved randomly from each hamlet, including from Brajan (Minggir sub-district) and Berjokulon (Godean sub-district) in Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia. The data were collected through observation, questionnaires and in-depth interviews and analyzed by the vegetation analysis, the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, and the descriptive analysis technique. The results show that in Minggir there have been 163 types of plants and 24 types of animals. The plant diversity index (DI) is 3.99, its fairness index is 0.79, and its wealth index is 19.76. Besides, Godean has 143 types of plants and 24 types of animals with its plant DI, fairness index, and wealth index respectively are 3.96, 0.79, and 19.75. The plant biodiversity in home gardens based on their benefits is classified into crops, fruit, vegetables, coloring and flavoring plants, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, plantation crops, building material plants, and crafts. The animals can be classified into economically valuable animals, pets for fun, and wild animals. The results of this study can be used as a biology learning resource, especially biodiversity.

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